2.A PM-intensive Mineral Industries

Last updated on 10 Dec 2013 11:53 (cf. Authors)

Here you can find information about the main PM-intensive mineral industries without other emissions than PM: Mining other than coal (2.A.7.a), Construction (2.A.7.b) and the Salt Production (2.A.7.d) are described.

The relevance of this categories is shown in the key source analysis in this overview below:

Source pollutant aspect importance
2.A.7.a Mining other than coal TSP, PM10 key source by Level below 10 percent of totals

The both other categories are not identified as key source, the three categories in detail:

2.A.7.a - Mining other than coal

Short description
The mining process emits important amounts of particles. Here quarrying and mining of minerals other than coal is subsumed, in particular mining of limestone and building sands.

Method
Activity data
Activity data are determined via summation of figures for various materials like limestone and building sands. Data bases on information on production statistics are available from national statistics. That's why we can assume a common uncertainty of 3%.
Emission factors
The emission factors used for emissions calculation are based on defaults (EMEP/EEA emission inventory guidebook, Version 2009, chapter NFR 2.A.7.a). But because of an update-discussion in 2012 we use here more conservative EF of a discussion paper (see Annex 3).

pollutant Name of Category EF unit Trend
TSP mining other than coal 0.102 kg/t constant
PM10 mining other than coal 0.05 kg/t constant
PM2.5 mining other than coal 0.005 kg/t constant

Recalculations

Since it is the first time we report this category, recalculation activities were necessary for this submission. This inventory addition was an important improvement of completeness with impact on key source analysis.

FAQ
No comments!

2.A.7.b - Construction

Short description
A research project that had evaluated data of the European model RAINS pointed out for this category only information on floor area built in country. This information is combined with default emission factors for TSP and PM (Tier 1).

Method
Activity data
The data on floor area built is taken from national statistics for the whole time series. The category clearly includes the construction part of building activities without demolition of buildings.
Emission factors
The emission factors are based on the RAINS values assuming that dwellings make up 65 percent of the total floor area
constructed:
Emission factors used in the RAINS model for construction sector [kg/ m2].

Sector RAINS code PM2.5 PM10 TSP
Construction CONSTRUCT 0.0092 0.0914 0.1828

Recalculations

Recalculation activities were not necessary.

FAQ
No comments!

2.A.7.c - bulk products

The description is located under other industries.

2.A.7.d - salt production

Short description
Currently, a Tier 1 method is used: information on production of salts are multiplied with emission factors for TSP and PM.

Method
Activity data
The data from national statistics includes production of potash and rock salt. Potash salt is dominating, nevertheless gaps of statistics are fulfilled and emissions are modeled like potash salt only.
Emission factors
The emission factors are based on analogy to bulk product handling by an expert judgements from UBA:

Particle-class EF [kg/t salt]
TSP 0.031
PM 10 0.016
PM 2.5 0.003

Recalculation

Recalculation activities were not necessary.

FAQ
No comments!

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License