1.A.2.f.ii Offroad Construction Vehicles

Last updated on 10 Dec 2013 11:53 (cf. Authors)

Short description

Under Sub-sector 1.A.2.f ii - Mobile Combustion in Manufacturing Industries and Construction emissions from Off-Road Construction Vehicles and Construction Machinery are reported.

NFR-Code Name of Category Method AD EF Key Source for (by1)
Mobile Combustion in Manufacturing Industries and Construction
1.A.2.f ii Offroad Construction Vehicles T1 NS CS PM2.5 (T), PM10 (T)

1 T = key source by Trend / L = key source by Level

Method

The emissions for the aforementioned areas are calculated as the product of fuel consumption and the relevant country-specific emission factors, keeping with a tier1 approach.

Activity data

Primary activity data (PAD) are taken from National Energy Balances (NEBs) line 67: 'Commercial, trade, services and other consumers'.

Following the deduction of energy inputs for military vehicles, the remaining amounts of gasoline and diesel oil are apportioned onto off-road construction vehicles (NFR 1.A.2.f ii) and off-road agricultural vehicels (NFR 1.A.4.c ii) with a share of 42 per cent assumed for NFR 1.A.2.f ii (cf. NFR 1.A.4.c ii).

(1)
\begin{gather} AD_\text{ NFR 1.A.2.f ii} = 0.42 \cdot (PAD_\text{ NEB line 67} - AD_\text{ NFR 1.A.5.b}) \end{gather}

Table: Sources for 1.A.2.f ii activity data

through 1994 AGEB - National Energy Balance, line 79: 'Haushalte und Kleinverbraucher insgesamt'
as of 1995 AGEB - National Energy Balance, line 67: 'Gewerbe, Handel, Dienstleistungen u. übrige Verbraucher'

Table: Annual consumption of diesel oil and gasoline, [TJ]

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Diesel oil 46,991 47,513 40,033 41,228 40,850 41,076 40,286 40,536 40,043 41,121
Gasoline 2,816 3,017 3,018 3,017 3,109 3,135 3,110 3,110 3,110 3,110
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Diesel oil 39,926 38,415 37,743 37,218 36,046 34,365 34,981 34,656 35,392 37,632
Gasoline 3,110 3,095 3,109 3,109 3,110 3,044 3,054 3,069 3,013 1,809
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Diesel Oil 37,151 37,132
Gasoline 1,745 1,735

italic: recalculated against submission 2012

Emission factors

Emission factors used for 2010 estimates

Main Pollutants Particulate Matter Heavy Metals Persistent Organis Pollutants
NEC Other PM2.5 ≤ PM10 ≤ TSP Main HM Other HM Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Dioxins & Furans
Pollutant NH3 NMVOC NOx SO2 CO PM2.5 PM10 TSP Pb Cd Hg As - Zn B[a]P B[b]F B[k]F I[1,2,3-cd]P ∑PAH PCDD/F
Unit kg/TJ kg/TJ g/TJ mg/TJ g I-Teq
Diesel Oil 4.00 61 508 0.37 373 48 48 48 NE NE NE NE NE NE NE NE NE 1.62
Gasoline 4.00 746 73 0.18 4,010 NE NE NE 0.00 1 NE NE NE NE NE NE NE NE 2.76

1 leaded gasoline banned in 1997

Trend discussion for Key Categories

NFR 1.A.2.f ii - Mobile Combustion in Manufacturing Industries and Construction is a key source for emissions of

  • PM2.5 and PM10 both regarding the emissions' trends.

Particulate matter (PM2.5, PM10, and TSP)

As emissions of particulate matter are related directly with the consumption of diesel oil, the over-all trend of these emissions follows the slightly decreasing one of diesel oil consumed in off-road construction vehicles. As for all reported exhaust PM emissions from mobile diesel vehicles the party assumes that nearly all particles emitted are within the PM2.5 range, resulting in similar emission values for PM2.5, PM10 , and TSP.

In addition, the decrease was and still is amplified by the expanding use of particle filters especially to eliminate soot emissions.

Recalculations

Recalculations occured for 2010 only, due to a revised National Energy Balance 2010.

Table: Recalculations in annual diesel oil consumptions

Unit 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Submission 2013 [TJ] 46.991 41.076 39.926 34.365 34.981 34.656 35.392 37.632 37.151
Submission 2012 [TJ] 46.991 41.076 39.926 34.365 34.981 34.656 35.392 37.632 38.130
absolute change [TJ] 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 -979,44
relative change [%] 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 -2,57

Table: Recalculations in annual gasoline consumptions

Unit 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Submission 2013 [TJ] 2.816 3.135 3.110 3.044 3.054 3.069 3.013 1.809 1.745
Submission 2012 [TJ] 2.816 3.135 3.110 3.044 3.054 3.069 3.013 1.809 1.750
absolute change [TJ] 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 -0,02 -5,53
relative change [%] 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 -0,32

For information on the impacts on 1990 and 2010 emission estimates, please see the pollutant specific recalculation tables following chapter 11.1 - Recalculations.

Uncertainties

Uncertainty estimates for activity data of mobile sources derive from research project FKZ 360 16 023: "Ermittlung der Unsicherheiten der mit den Modellen TREMOD und TREMOD-MM berechneten Luftschadstoffemissionen des landgebundenen Verkehrs in Deutschland". For detailled information, please refer to the project's final report here (German version only!).

Uncertainty estimates for emission factors were compiled during the PAREST research project. Here, the final report has not yet been published.

Planned improvements

Due to a routine revision of the TREMOD MM (Mobile Machinery) model used, emission factors for off-road mobile sources will be reassessed.
In addition, particulate matter emissions from the combustion of gasoline will be included for the first time.

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