1.A.3.b.vi-vii Emissions from Wear & Abrasion in RT

Last updated on 10 Dec 2013 11:53 (cf. Authors)

Short description

In sub-categories 1.A.3.b vi & vii emissions from automobile tyre and brake wear & road abrasion are reported. Therefore, these sub-categories are important sources for a) particle emissions and b) emissions of heavy metals, POPs etc. included in these particles.

NFR-Code Name of Category Method AD EF Key Source for (by1)
1.A.3.b vi Automobile Tyre and Brake Wear T3 NS CS PM2.5 (L), PM10 (L/T), TSP (L), Pb (L/T)
1.A.3.b vii Automobile Road Abrasion T3 NS CS PM2.5 & PM10 & TSP (L)

1 T = key source by Trend / L = key source by Level

Activity data

Mileage

Table: Mileage driven 1990-2010 ([Mio km], rounded)

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Passenger Cars 492.280 500.334 514.190 526.479 528.639 535.524 539.908 542.492 551.976 563.861
Light Duty Vehicles 14.259 15.690 17.096 18.955 20.452 21.794 23.265 25.085 27.051 28.991
Heavy Duty Vehicles 40.827 47.823 48.551 47.994 50.965 53.167 54.618 56.608 57.664 59.404
thereof: Lorries & Trucks 36.657 43.765 44.559 44.126 46.873 48.951 50.277 52.243 53.375 55.190
thereof: Buses 4.170 4.058 3.992 3.868 4.092 4.216 4.341 4.365 4.289 4.214
Two-wheelers 15.734 14.128 12.766 12.242 12.112 12.615 13.099 13.571 14.091 14.562
TOTAL 563.099 577.975 592.603 605.670 612.168 623.099 630.890 637.756 650.783 666.817
2000 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Passenger Cars 565.345 576.429 584.713 579.713 592.202 580.075 581.657 585.223 582.200 592.551
Light Duty Vehicles 30.941 32.745 34.658 35.349 35.870 36.251 36.834 37.811 37.406 37.368
Heavy Duty Vehicles 59.579 59.973 60.111 60.155 60.410 58.149 60.095 61.699 61.553 57.798
thereof: Lorries & Trucks 55.441 55.811 56.024 56.139 56.404 54.213 56.159 57.873 57.819 53.974
thereof: Buses 4.138 4.162 4.087 4.016 4.006 3.936 3.936 3.826 3.733 3.823
Two-wheelers 15.100 15.438 15.921 15.957 16.471 16.800 17.285 14.904 15.320 15.783
TOTAL 670.965 684.585 695.403 691.173 704.953 691.275 695.871 699.636 696.479 703.499
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Passenger Cars 596.496 609.551
Light Duty Vehicles 37.520 38.489
Heavy Duty Vehicles 60.154 61.084
thereof: Lorries & Trucks 56.418 57.519
thereof: Buses 3.736 3565
Two-wheelers 15.845 15825
TOTAL 710.015 724.949

italic: data revised compared to submission 2012

Images: Overview annual mileage for considered vehicle types

Trend discussion for Key Sources

Please see sub-category chapters 1.A.3.b vi - Tyre and Brake Wear and 1.A.3.b vi - Road Abrasion.

Recalculations

Recalculations were carried out due to a regular the revision of the TREMOD software, resulting in slight changes in mileage data for 2009 and 2010.
In contrast to this revision of activity data, emission factors remain unchanged compared to submission 2012.

Table: Revision of mileage data for passenger cars

Unit 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Submission 2013 [Mio km] 492,280 535,524 565,345 580,075 581,657 585,223 582,200 592,551 596,496
Submission 2012 [Mio km] 492,280 535,524 565,345 580,075 581,657 585,223 582,200 592,551 592,648
absolute change [Mio km] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3,848
relative change [%] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.65

Table: Revision of mileage data for buses

Unit 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Submission 2013 [Mio km] 4,170 4,216 4,138 3,936 3,936 3,826 3,733 3,823 3,736
Submission 2012 [Mio km] 4,170 4,216 4,138 3,936 3,936 3,826 3,733 3,823 3,735
absolute change [Mio km] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
relative change [%] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03

Table: Revision of mileage data for two-wheelers

Unit 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Submission 2013 [Mio km] 15,734 12,615 15,100 16,800 17,285 14,904 15,320 15,783 15,845
Submission 2012 [Mio km] 15,734 12,615 15,100 16,800 17,285 14,904 15,320 15,700 15,962
absolute change [Mio km] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 83 -117
relative change [%] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.53 -0.73

Table: Revision of over-all mileage data

Unit 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Submission 2013 [Mio km] 563,099 623,099 670,965 691,275 695,871 699,637 696,479 703,499 710,016
Submission 2012 [Mio km] 563,099 623,099 670,965 691,275 695,871 699,636 696,479 703,416 706,284
absolute change [Mio km] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 83 3,732
relative change [%] 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.53

For pollutant specific information on qualitative and quantitative impacts on 1990 and 2009 emission estimates see chapter 11. Recalculations and the following chapters.

Planned improvements

At the moment, no category specific improvements are planned.

FAQs


Emissions details:
Emissions from Tyre and Brake Wear
Emissions from Road Abrasion

Previous section:
Fugitive Emissions from Road Transport

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