1.A.5.a Other, Stationary (including Military)

Last updated on 10 Dec 2013 11:53 (cf. Authors)

Short description


In category 1.A.5.a - Other, Mobile (including Military) the emissions from military stationary combustion are reported.

NFR-Code Name of Category Method AD EF Key Source for (by1)
1.A.5.a Other, Stationary (including Military) T2, T3 NS CS NMVOC (T)

1 T = key source by Trend / L = key source by Level


Activity Data

The Energy Balance of the Federal Republic of Germany (AGEB) provides the basis for the activity data used. Since the Energy Balance does not provide separate listings of military agencies' final energy consumption as of 1995 – and includes this consumption in line 67, under "commerce, trade, services and other consumers" – additional sources of energy statistics had to be found for source category 1.A.5. Here, data of the Federal Ministry of Defence (BMVg, 2012) [1] is being used, providing the "Energy input for heat production in the German Federal Armed Forces", by fuels and for 2000-2011, to the Federal Environment Agency. Data source for liquid fuels are the official mineral-oil data of the Federal Republic of Germany (Amtliche Mineralöldaten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland), compiled annually by the Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA, 2012) [2]. The consumption figures given in units of 1000 t are converted into TJ on the bases on the relevant heating statistics published by the Working Group on Energy Balances. These figures are deducted from the figures in Energy Balance line 67 (commerce, trade, services) and are reported in 1.A.5, rather than in 1.A.4.

Emission Factors

The database for the emission factors used for source category 1.A.5.a consists of the results of a research project carried out by the University of Stuttgart, under commission to the Federal Environment Agency (Struschka, 2008) [3]. Within that project, device-related and source-category-specific emission factors for combustion systems in military agencies were calculated, with a high level of detail, for all important emissions components for the reference year 2005. The method used to determine the factors conforms to that described for source category 1.A.4. The following table shows the sectoral emission factors used.

Table: Emission factors for Military stationary combustion plants

Pollutant NOx SOx NMVOC
Fuel [kg/TJ]
Hard coal 46 403 1
Brown coal briquettes 86 289 332
Light fuel oil 46 77 2.8
Gaseous fuel 25 0.5 0.34

Trend discussion for key sources

The following diagrams give an overview and assistance for explaining dominant emission trends of selected pollutants

NMVOC emissions show a remarkable falling trend due to the closure of military agencies especially at the beginning of the 1990s as well as the reducing use of lignite for heating purposes.


Minor changes of activity data were necessary for 2009 and 2010, when final NCV data became available.

For pollutant specific information on qualitative and quantitative impacts on 1990 and 2010 emission estimates see chapter 11. Recalculations.

1. BMVg, 2012: Bundesministerium der Verteidigung: Energieeinsatz zur Wärmeversorgung der Bundeswehr (unveröffentlicht).
2. BAFA, 2012: Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA): Official mineral-oil data of the Federal Republic of Germany 2011; table 7j, column: 'An das Militär'; URL: http://www.bafa.de/bafa/de/energie/mineraloel_rohoel/amtliche_mineraloeldaten/2011/dezember.xls
3. Struschka, 2008: Struschka, Dr. M., Kilgus, D., Springmann, M.; Baumbach, Prof.Dr. Günter: Effiziente Bereitstellung aktueller Emissonsdaten für die Luftreinhaltung; UBA Forschungsbericht 205 42 322; Dessau, 2008. URL: http://www.umweltbundesamt.de/uba-info-medien/dateien/3677.htm
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